11. Choose the correct completion for this sentence! A: You finally got here! Did you get lost?


B: No. The road … , so we stopped to enjoy the scenery.


A

who was beautiful


B

whom we took was beautiful


C

was beautiful that we took


D

that we took was beautiful


E

which we took it was beautiful



Sertakan penjelasan

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Jawaban:

A: You finally got here! Did you get lost?

B: No. The road that we took was beautiful, so we stopped to enjoy the scenery.

Answer: D. that we took was beautiful

Penjelasan:

Ini materi relative pronoun.

Relative pronoun adalah kata ganti yang dipakai untuk menggantikan noun yang sudah diucapkan sebelumnya di kalimat tersebut, untuk menghindari pengulangan. Noun itu bisa yang berfungsi sebagai subjek di kalimat itu, atau objek kalimat itu.

Relative pronoun kita temukan di dalam kalimat majemuk, yaitu kalimat yang merupakan penggabungan dari 2 kalimat sederhana.

Contoh soal di atas:

The road that we took was beautiful, so we stopped to enjoy the scenery.

Bagian "The road that we took was beautiful", adalah penggabungan dari 2 kalimat sederhana:

1) We took the road (kami melewati jalan itu)

2) The road was beautiful. (jalan itu indah pemandangannya)

Jika kedua kalimat ini digabungkan, maka "the road" tidak perlu diucapkan dua kali, tapi cukup menggunakan relative pronoun:

Jalan yang kami lewati itu indah pemandangannya.

The road that we took was beautiful

Itulah fungsi relative pronoun.

Jika noun yang diganti itu  manusia, kita pakai relative pronoun who (jika dia sebagai subjek), whom (jika dia sebagai objek), dan whose (jika mau menunjuk ke sesuatu yang dimiliki/kepunyaan)

Karena di soal ini noun nya adalah the road (jalan), maka berarti relative pronoun yang harus dipakai bukan ketiganya.

Jika noun yang diganti itu adalah benda selain manusia, maka kita pakai which atau that.

Which dipakai jika hendak menjelaskan lebih lanjut fungsi atau ciri dari noun tersebut.

Contoh: The road, which is important for transportaion, was long.

(Jalan ini, yang adalah penting untuk transportasi, panjang)

Sedangkan that dipakai untuk memperinci secara spesifik noun tersebut (lebih detail: yg ini bukan yg itu, yg begini bukan yang begitu)

Seperti soal ini, cocok dipakai that

The road that we took was beautiful, so we stopped to enjoy the scenery. (jalan yang kami lewati itu begitu indah, sehingga kami berhenti untuk menikmati pemandangan)

jadi relative pronoun that di sini memperinci lebih spesifik jalan mana yang dimaksud.

Semoga bermanfaat.

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Jawaban:

Multiple Choice:

D. that we took was beautiful.

Penjelasan:

Jawaban dicetak tebal pilihan D. that we took was beautiful.

Jadi bentuk kalimat lengkapnya:

B: No. The road that we took was beautiful , so we stopped to enjoy the scenery. (Tidak. Jalan yang kami lalui sangat indah, jadi kami berhenti untuk menikmati pemandangan.)

Pilihan A. salah karena kata yang dirujuk adalah kata benda, bukan orang, jadi tidak pakai who

Pilihan B. salah karena kata yang dirujuk adalah kata benda, bukan orang, jadi tidak pakai whom (sebagai objek)

Pilihan C. salah karena kalimat tidak nyambung jadinya

Pilihan E. salah karena tidak perlu menggunakan subjek "it"

Semoga membantu ya.

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